# Double Declining Balance: A Simple Depreciation Guide

It is an accelerated depreciation method that depreciates the asset value at twice the rate in comparison to the depreciation rate used in the straight-line method. Depreciation is charged on the opening book value of the asset in the case of this method. Sum-of-years-digits is a spent depreciation method that results in a more accelerated write-off than the straight-line method, and typically also more accelerated than the declining balance method. Under this method, the annual depreciation is determined by multiplying the depreciable cost by a schedule of fractions.

As years go by and you deduct less of the asset’s value, you’ll also be making less income from the asset—so the two balance out. In later years, as maintenance becomes more regular, you’ll be writing off less of the value of the asset—while writing off more in the form of maintenance. So your annual write-offs are more stable over time, which makes income easier to predict.

Instead, compute the difference between the beginning book value and salvage value to compute the depreciation expense. However, it’s not as easy to calculate, and you must refigure your depreciation expense each period. In year 5, companies often switch to straight-line depreciation and debit Depreciation Expense and credit Accumulated Depreciation for \$6,827 (\$40,960/6 years) in each of the six remaining years.

• So the amount of depreciation you write off each year will be different.
• Under the DDB depreciation method, the equipment loses \$80,000 in value during its first year of use, \$48,000 in the second and so on until it reaches its salvage price of \$25,000 in year five.
• The straight-line depreciation is calculated by dividing the difference between assets pagal sale cost and its expected salvage value by the number of years for its expected useful life.

If, for example, an asset is purchased on 1 December and the financial statements are prepared on 31 December, the depreciation expense should only be charged for one month. Due to the accelerated depreciation expense, a company’s profits don’t represent the actual results because the depreciation has lowered its net income. With your second year of depreciation totaling \$6,720, that leaves a book value of \$10,080, which will be used when calculating your third year of depreciation. The following table illustrates double declining depreciation totals for the truck.

## What is the double declining balance method of depreciation?

Financial accounting applications of declining balance are often linked to income tax regulations, which allow the taxpayer to compute the annual rate by applying a percentage multiplier to the straight-line rate. Under the declining balance method, depreciation is charged on the book value of the asset and the amount of depreciation decreases every year. Employing the accelerated depreciation technique means there will be smaller taxable income in the earlier years of an asset’s life. You can calculate the double declining rate by dividing 1 by the asset’s life—which gives you the straight-line rate—and then multiplying that rate by 2.

That means you get the biggest tax write-offs in the years right after you’ve purchased vehicles, equipment, tools, real estate, or anything else your business needs to run. Double declining balance depreciation allows for higher depreciation expenses in early years and lower expenses as an asset nears the end of its life. The double-declining method of depreciation accounting is one of the most useful and interesting concepts nowadays. It is also one of companies’ most popular methods of charging depreciation. However, companies should take the utmost care while calculating depreciation expenses through this method, as inaccurate calculations would lead to incorrect charging of depreciation expenses throughout the asset’s life.

Now you’re going to write it off your taxes using the double depreciation balance method. Your basic depreciation rate is the rate at which an asset depreciates using the straight line method. If you’re brand new to the concept, open another tab and check out our complete guide to depreciation. Then come back here—you’ll have the background knowledge you need to learn about double declining balance. Sara wants to know the amounts of depreciation expense and asset value she needs to show in her financial statements prepared on 31 December each year if the double-declining method is used. Depreciation in the year of disposal if the asset is sold before its final year of useful life is therefore equal to Carrying Value × Depreciation% × Time Factor.

And, unlike some other methods of depreciation, it’s not terribly difficult to implement. By accelerating the depreciation and incurring a larger expense in earlier years and a smaller expense in later years, net income is deferred to later years, and taxes are pushed out. A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation. Finance Strategists is a leading financial education organization that connects people with financial professionals, priding itself on providing accurate and reliable financial information to millions of readers each year. Note that the double-declining multiplier yields a depreciation expense for only four years.

• He completed a Bachelor of Science degree in Accountancy at Silliman University in Dumaguete City, Philippines.
• However, there are certain advantages to accelerated depreciation methods.
• If the sale price were ever more than the original book value, then the gain above the original book value is recognized as a capital gain.
• Another thing to remember while calculating the depreciation expense for the first year is the time factor.

The group depreciation method is used for depreciating multiple-asset accounts using a similar depreciation method. The assets must be similar in nature and have approximately the same useful lives. The DDB depreciation method is best applied to assets that quickly lose value in the first few years of ownership. This is most frequently the case for things like cars and other vehicles but may also apply to business assets like computers, mobile devices and other electronics.

So, the depreciation expense is calculated in the last year by deducting the salvage value from the opening book value. The following examples show the application of the accounting for investments double and 150% declining balance methods to calculate asset depreciation. In the above example, we assumed a depreciation rate equal to twice the straight-line rate.

However, note that eventually, we must switch from using the double declining method of depreciation in order for the salvage value assumption to be met. Since we’re multiplying by a fixed rate, there will continuously be some residual value left over, irrespective of how much time passes. Certain fixed assets are most useful during their initial years and then wane in productivity over time, so the asset’s utility is consumed at a more rapid rate during the earlier phases of its useful life.

## Accelerated Depreciation

To use the template above, all you need to do is modify the cells in blue, and Excel will automatically generate a depreciation schedule for you. If you need expert bookkeeping assistance, Bench can help you get your books in order while you focus on what’s important for your business. Depreciation stops when book value is equal to the scrap value of the asset. In the end, the sum of accumulated depreciation and scrap value equals the original cost.

## What Is the Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method?

Cost generally is the amount paid for the asset, including all costs related to acquiring and bringing the asset into use. In some countries or for some purposes, salvage value may be ignored. The rules of some countries specify lives and methods to be used for particular types of assets. However, in most countries the life is based on business experience, and the method may be chosen from one of several acceptable methods. After the final year of an asset’s life, no depreciation is charged even if the asset remains unsold unless the estimated useful life is revised. We can incorporate this adjustment using the time factor, which is the number of months the asset is available in an accounting period divided by 12.

## Tax lives and methods

If you’ve taken out a loan or a line of credit, that could mean paying off a larger chunk of the debt earlier—reducing the amount you pay interest on for each period. Assume that you’ve purchased a \$100,000 asset that will be worth \$10,000 at the end of its useful life. This method takes most of the depreciation charges upfront, in the early years, lowering profits on the income statement sooner rather than later.

## What is the double declining depreciation rate?

The steps to determine the annual depreciation expense under the double declining method are as follows. With the constant double depreciation rate and a successively lower depreciation base, charges calculated with this method continually drop. The balance of the book value is eventually reduced to the asset’s salvage value after the last depreciation period. However, the final depreciation charge may have to be limited to a lesser amount to keep the salvage value as estimated. Also, in some cases, certain assets are more valuable or usable during the initial year of their lives.

Depreciation first becomes deductible when an asset is placed in service. Since double-declining-balance depreciation does not always depreciate an asset fully by its end of life, some methods also compute a straight-line depreciation each year, and apply the greater of the two. This has the effect of converting from declining-balance depreciation to straight-line depreciation at a midpoint in the asset’s life. The double-declining-balance method is also a better representation of how vehicles depreciate and can more accurately match cost with benefit from asset use.